Cataract is a term used to describe the clouding of the crystalline lens
of the eye. The most common cause of cataracts is the normal aging of
the lens. This is the reason why most of those afflicted with cataracts
are seniors. Less common causes of cataract include trauma, systemic
diseases such as diabetes, inflammatory eye diseases, and the use of
certain drugs such as steroids.
The lens lies behind the
iris and the pupil (see diagram). It works much like a camera
lens. It focuses light onto the retina at the back of the eye,
where an image is recorded. The lens also adjusts the eye's focus,
letting us see things clearly both up close and far away.
The lens is made of mostly
water and protein. The protein is arranged in a precise way that keeps
the lens clear and lets light pass through it. But as we age, some of
the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the
lens. This is a cataract. Over time, the cataract may grow larger and
cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see.
Dr. Ullman is an expert in the modern art of
cataract surgery. He performs the procedure through a tiny 3-millimeter
incision, under topical anesthesia. No needles to numb the eye, or
strong intravenous drugs are necessary. The cloudy lens is removed using
gentle pulses from a small probe that emits high frequency sound waves.
The procedure is called "Phacoemulsification". A lens implant,
made out of a soft material such as acrylic or silicone, is then rolled
into a syringe-like device that allows Dr. Ullman to inject it into the
This all takes place through the initial
three-millimeter incision! At the end of the procedure, the wound will
self-seal, so that no stitches are necessary. Cataract surgery done this
way is quick (usually taking 15-20 minutes), relatively painless, and
provides a fast visual recovery. Most people have useful vision
immediately afterwards, and return to work quickly.
Glaucoma is a sight threatening disease that is usually caused by
elevated eye pressure, which in turn causes damage to the optic nerve.
Peripheral vision is initially lost, but as the disease progresses,
central vision can also be effected. There are no alarming signs of
early glaucoma so it is important for the general population, especially
those over the age of fifty, to have an annual glaucoma screening.
The first line of treatment for glaucoma consists of
eye pressure lowering eye drops. Fortunately, a new class of glaucoma
medications called "Prostiglandin Analogues" is on the market
today, and they are very effective in lowering eye pressure. There are
several other classes of eye drops that can be used additively to
further enhance the lowering of eye pressure. If pressure cannot be
controlled adequately with eye drops, a laser treatment would be the
second line of treatment. If laser treatments were unsuccessful in
controlling the pressure, a surgical procedure would usually be
At the Ullman Eye Center, we are experts in the
medical, laser and surgical treatment of glaucoma, and have the latest
imaging devices and diagnostic tests to aid in the diagnosis and
management of this disease. In addition, Dr. Ullman participates in
clinical trials, testing new treatments for glaucoma. If you have
glaucoma and would like to participate in a clinical trial, please contact
We offers complete eye care services - providing full medical eye exams,
including examinations for glasses and contact lenses.
& Contact Lenses
We have full optical services, with hundreds of stylish eyeglass frames
and lenses to choose from, as well as the latest in contact lenses. Our
opticians will help you find what is right for you.
We provide Botox injections for eyelid and facial wrinkles. Come see
what we can do to make you look and feel your best.
We invite you to contact the Ullman Eye Center to discuss your needs or
any questions you may have. Simply complete our form,
or you may send an e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org.